The Chop

Tae Kwon Do features two types of hand strikes. On the one hand you have closed hand, or fist, attacks.

These attacks are usually intended as power strikes. One the other hand, you have the open hand strike, these are usually finger strikes or chops, and are usually used as a way to throw your opponent of guard, or a way to get in a quick strike.

One of the most used open hand strikes in existence is the chop. Unlike a karate chop, which is an up and down strike that starts above the head and travels straight down, the primary chop used in Tae Kwon Do is at an angle.chop taekwondo

While a up and down chop is practiced in Tae Kwon Do, the angle strike is usually used more.

The chop starts with the hand straight, fingers bent *very* slightly, and the thumb bent across the palm.

 As the hand is extended you should strike at a downward angle. The most effective target for this strike is the neck.

As with the punch, do not fully extend the arm as this can result in hyper extension. This strike may be used to break boards, however you must do so with caution, as your hand could be injured even if doing the strike effectively.

 Performing a solid break with a chop depends heavily on finding the right point to strike on the wood.

Be careful when executing a chop in a sparring match, as it is easy to strike with an unprotected part of the hand, which can cause injury to both you and your opponent.

 The downward chop is used in Tae Kwon Do in some cases, most often it is used for breaks that involve tougher materials than wood, such as cinder block.

Breaks of any material stronger than wood should only be performed by an experienced individual! As stated above, the angular chop is a great way to deliver a quick, strike, however it is possible to do some serious damage if directed at a point such as the neck or shoulder.

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TaeKwonDoe Punch

In TaeKwonDoe you will use both you’re hands and you’re feet to deliver blows to you’re opponent. Kicks are more common as they offer a longer reach, which will allow you to stay further away from you’re opponent when striking, which in turn will give you more control over the fight.

 tae-kwon-do punch taekwondoe taekwondo

There are, however, many situations where a strike from the hand will be the best technique for the situation.

There are many strikes which you can deliver using the hand, ranging from backhands to chops, but one of the most common, and easiest to execute, is the TaeKwonDoe punch.

You use a punch when the range is such that you do not have sufficient room for a kick, but also when you see an opening in you’re opponent’s defenses.

The TaeKwonDoe punch can deliver a staggering blow if thrown correctly, but can also set you up for combos with more punches, other closed hand techniques, or even a kick.

Throwing a Tae Kwon Do punch is different from throwing a Karate punch.

In a Karate punch the goal is to do as much damage as possible in one strike, so the punch is thrown with full extension in the arm.

In Tae Kwon Do, the punch is designed to avoid hyper extending the arm, so it is thrown differently.

 You start with you’re hand in a fist at you’re hip, palm facing up and thumb outside the fist. You then begin extension, and rotate the arm so that you’re knuckles face downward.

 You should stop the extension in you’re arm before you extend it fully, as such you’re arm will be bent very slightly.

When breaking with a TaeKwonDoe punch, it is important to hit the board with the knuckles, as you can injure you’re hand if you strike with the fingers.

 Finally, when striking in combat with a sparring partner, you do not need to go through the entire motion as it may not be effective considering that you do not need power as much in sparring.

 When striking an opponent in practical situations however, you should attempt to execute the full technique.

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Tae kwon do Backfist

There are two types of blow that you can deliver with the hand in Tae Kwon Do, the closed fist and the open hand.

Closed fist strikes generally hit for more power, however open handed blows can be faster and may take your opponent more by surprise.

One of the many closed hand strikes out there is the Tae kwon do backfist.

With a punch you are using power from the arm, shoulder, and legs to power the strike, however with a backfist, as with a round kick, you use rotational power from you’re body to drive the fist into the opponent.taekwondo backfist

 Situations that call for a Tae kwon do backfist are many, it can often be more powerful than a punch if thrown correctly, as it uses torque to deliver power rather than pure arm strength.

When executing a Tae kwon do backfist it is easiest to start in a stand that puts your body perpendicular to the opponent.

Some wind up is acceptable if you really want to drive the strike home, but avoid telegraphing the move.

 Bring your arm and fist across the chest so that the inside of your hand is touching you’re ear. Bring your arm out and extend, rotating into the strike as you extend.

It is usually most effective to strike your opponent in the head with this move, you can then follow up with a punch or other hand strike, or if sufficiently staggering you can also deliver a kick. Backfists are also an effective way to set up for a combo in sparring.

During a sparring match it is not necessary to put the entire force of the blow behind it, as you do not want to injure your opponent.

You can, however, hit to the side of the head with the Tae kwon do backfist, which could disorient your opponent, and then proceed to strike with a low punch that they might not see coming.

The Tae kwon do backfist is also used for breaks commonly.

Be sure to strike with the knuckles and not the top of the hand however, as you will not make the break and could injure your hand if you do not strike with the knuckles.

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